Enter to Win a Free K9 Bed Bug Inspection

Sign-up now for a chance to win a free 3-D K9 inspection in conjunction with our customary free bed bug consultation*

First Name:*

Last Name:*

Email:*

Company:

Enter Word Verification:*

Captcha Image

*3-D K9 inspection is good for up to 5 units, including one suspect active unit and up to 4 adjacent units.

×

Take a Bite Out of your Bed Bug Treatment Budget

Fill out the form below to contact us today!

Name:*

Email:*

Phone:*

Company:

Location:*

Comments:

Enter Verification:*

Captcha Image

×

Get Your Organic Mosquito Solution Now

Fill out the form below to contact us today!

Name:*

Email:*

Phone:*

Company:

Location:*

Comments:

×

Get Your Organic Tick Solution Now

Fill out the form below to contact us today!

Name:*

Email:*

Phone:*

Company:

Location:*

Comments:

×

Bedbug Infestation Video

Press play to watch the video below.

×
Call Us At 877.507.0698
Forward Thinking Pest Control

Call Us At 877.507.0698
Forward Thinking Pest Control

EHS Pest Control

RI, MA EHS Pest Control Blog

RSS -- Grab EHS RSS Feed

Smithfield, RI - Winter's a tough time if you're a mosquito. Icy temperatures can freeze your blood, dry air can desiccate you, and a mountain of snow can bury you.  But mosquitoes, like bears, have found a way to make it through the winter: They hibernate.

OK, before you hit the comment button, I know that technically speaking, mosquitoes don't hibernate ... although if you want to get really technical about it, some scientists say bears don't really hibernate either, they just go into a kind of deep winter sleep.

But getting back to mosquitoes, what they do is go into a state called diapause. David Denlinger says it's a state where mosquitoes "essentially shut down their development and hunker it out until spring comes."  Denlinger is an entomologist at the Ohio State University in Columbus. He studies a common backyard mosquito called Culex pipiens, and not all of them make it to spring.

"The males die, and only the females overwinter," he says. And like bears, the females start storing fat as winter approaches.

Female Mosquitoes Bulk Up — A Lot.  "They have a structure we call the fat body, which is much like the liver of mammals, and much of the fat ends up in that structure, although it's there in the blood and other tissues as well," says Denlinger. Females that go into diapause probably have 10 times the fat accumulation that a nondiapausing mosquito has.

Culex pipiens isn't the only insect Denlinger studies. He's interested in how all cold-blooded insects make it through harsh winters.
A composite of a nondiapausing mosquito (top) and a diapausing mosquito (bottom).
Enlarge Mijung Kim/OSU

Female mosquitoes can gain up to 10 times their warm-weather weight as the cold rolls in. The males are not so lucky and do not survive the winter.
A composite of a nondiapausing mosquito (top) and a diapausing mosquito (bottom).
Mijung Kim/OSU

Female mosquitoes can gain up to 10 times their warm-weather weight as the cold rolls in. The males are not so lucky and do not survive the winter. "We were sitting around one day, and we thought we should really push this to the limit sometime," he says. So Denlinger and some colleagues mounted an expedition to Antarctica.

The only insect that has survived through the ages is a wingless midge, Belgica antarctica.  The Midge Endures Being Frozen, And Severe Dehydration.  And it has some amazing survival strategies.

"First, it retains its capacity to be frozen solid," says Rick Lee, a cryobiologist at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio.

It does this by making sugars and sugar alcohols that protect cell membranes. It also produces heat shock proteins. These are special molecules that cells usually only make when they're under severe distress. The midges appear to make them all the time.

And the midge has one more trick up its sleeve.

"It can also tolerate severe dehydration," says Lee. In the larval stage, it can lose most of its body water. "These little larvae look like raisins when you dry them out like this. They look terrible. They look for sure that they would be dead. You put them in water, they plump up, and they wiggle away," Lee says.

Spring Is In The Air

Of course, it's not much of a life, being a flightless midge in Antarctica. They spend two years in this raisin stage. Then in the summer, the adults emerge, mate and lay their eggs; they only live about 10 to 14 days.

Seems like a lot of work for not much reward, but Lee says that for any species, there's really only one requirement for success.

"Whether you can reproduce and leave offspring," says Lee. "That's the bottom line."

An appropriate thought as we head toward spring.


Environmental Health Services, Inc.Environmental Health Services, Inc. $$

823 Pleasant Street
Norwood,
MA 02062
Email: info@ehspest.com
Phone: 877-507-0698